Ragtime became central to the development of jazz in both America and Britain around the turn of the century. The term ‘ragtime’ comes from the syncopated or ‘ragged’ rhythm and had its origins in the African-American communities in cities such as St. Louis. One of the first pioneers and composers of ragtime was Ernest Hogan. He was the first composer to have his ragtime pieces (or “rags”) published as sheet music, beginning with the song “LA Pas Ma LA” published in 1895. More important, though, could be the fact that he has been credited for coining the term ragtime. Ben Harney, another Kentucky native, has often been credited for introducing the music to the mainstream public. His first ragtime composition, “You’ve Been a Good Old Wagon but You Done Broke Down”, helped popularize the style. However – the composition was published in 1895, a few months after Ernest Hogan.
Nun-the-less – it is neither of these that keep Ragtime in our memory. That composer is Scott Joplin who became famous through the publication of the “Maple Leaf Rag” in 1899 and was followed by “The Entertainer” in 1902. Despite this Scott, and many others of the time, were later forgotten by all but a small, dedicated community of ragtime aficionados. It was not until a major ragtime revival in the early 1970s that brought them to the fore.
So what’s happening in Britain at this time? Well – not too much with regard to day-to-day music it would appear. Many of the earliest parlour songs were transcriptions for voice and keyboard of other music. Thomas Moore’s Irish Melodies, for instance, were traditional “folk” tunes with new lyrics by Moore. Many arias from Italian operas, particularly those of Bellini and Donizetti, had become parlour songs, with texts either translated or replaced by new lyrics. Various other genres were also performed in the parlour, including patriotic selections, religious songs, and pieces written for the musical stage. However – excerpts from blackface minstrels, arranged for voice and keyboard, were particularly popular. Also we we have a handful of the better-known songs, such as Schubert’s “Serenade”, that became part of the parlour repertory. Lyrics written for parlour songs often have sentimental themes, such as love songs or poetic meditations. We’ll come to these at a later time.
However – the following has been tracked down as being the top 10 pieces in 1901 to 1910. Starting at 10th best – and heading to number one – we have:
Arthur Collins (1902) we have ‘Bill Bailey, Won’t You Please Come Home’.
Harry MacDonough with Miss Walton (1909)‘Shine on Harvest Moon’.
Hayden Quartet (1903) ‘In the Good Old Summer Time’.
Bill Murray in 1905 ‘Yankee Doodle Boy’.
Billy Murray (1904) ‘Meet Me in St. Louis, Louis’.
Byron Harlan (1907) ‘School Days (When We Were a Couple of Kids)’.
Bill Murray (1905) ‘Give my Regards to Broadway’
Hayden Quartet (1908) ‘Take me out to the ball game’.
Hayden Quartet (1904) ‘Sweet Adeline (You’re the Flower of My Heart)’.
And at number one for the years 1901 to 1910 we have:
Bill Murray (1906) ‘You’re a Grand Old Flag (aka ‘The Grand Old Rag’)’.